Nemenman, 2015

From Ilya Nemenman: Theoretical Biophysics @ Emory
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I Nemenman. A mathematical framework for falsifiability. Physics Today 68(10), 11, 2015. PDF, arXiv.

Here we argue that the notion of falsifiability, a key concept in defining a valid scientific theory, can be quantified using Bayesian Model Selection, which is a standard tool in modern statistics. This relates falsifiability to the quantitative version of the Occam's razor, and allows transforming some long-running arguments about validity of certain scientific theories from philosophical discussions to mathematical calculations. This is a Letter to the editor.